Treatment of a meniscal tear can be dependent upon many factors. These include the size of tear, the patient’s age, the patients activity level, motion restrictions, and pain level. When surgery is necessary, it can be done arthroscopically, which is minimally invasive. Some treatment options include:
- Conservative nonsurgical treatment including rest, ice, anti-inflammatory medication and physical therapy.
- Surgical repairs can usually be performed in younger patients and for longitudinal tears only in areas where circulation is prevalent. The outer or lateral meniscus responds better to a surgical repair than the medial meniscus on most occasions.
- Partial Meniscectomy can be performed to remove the torn sections of the meniscus.
- Complete Meniscectomy is usually avoided if possible to prevent early joint degeneration and early onset of osteoarthritis.
- A meniscal implant is a new treatment option. Patients must meet certain criteria for this procedure:
- Individuals should be under 40 years of age.
- There is no evidence of arthritis in the knee.
- There is good alignment of the knee.
- Pain and swelling is present and there is no response to other treatments.