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Knee Injury

    You can injure your knee in a variety of ways, each of which may have a different effect. This is due to the fact that your knee joint is a complex structure made up of bones, cartilage, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and other soft tissues. While a swollen knee is the first sign of an injury, how it manifests itself depends on the nature of the injury. Call Redefine Healthcare injury doctor Dr. Freeman for an accurate assessment and effective knee injury treatment.

    Excellent professional and compassionate care! Very responsive and timely with appointments.


    What is Knee Injury?

    Knee Injuries
    Knee injuries can occur as a result of increased stress on your knees as well as normal wear and tear, which means that the older you become, the more likely it is that you will injure a knee. At the same time, twisting your leg while participating in any activity, from aerobic dance to pick-up basketball, can result in a torn tendon or ligament. Knee pain usually occurs when you damage the cartilage or the knee joint.

    Signs that you’ve injured your knee include:

    • A swollen, painful knee;
    • Inability to bend or fully straighten your knee;
    • Popping or crackling sounds whenever you move your knee;
    • A knee that gives way suddenly;
    • Loss of muscle strength and flexibility;
    • Redness and warmth to the touch.

    Common Causes of Knee Problems

    A knee injury can occur as a result of direct trauma, wear and tear, or an awkward twist. Other conditions weaken your knee, making it more prone to injury.

    The following factors may make it easier for you to sustain a knee injury:

    • Being overweight. Obesity causes your knees to buckle under the extra weight, which is especially noticeable while climbing stairs. Being overweight and not exercising can cause your muscles to become less flexible and lose strength. As a result, your knees may feel jerky and unstable, which might lead to an injury.
    • Playing sports. If you love playing sports, jumping, bending, kicking, and twisting may cause problems with your knees. It’s especially dangerous if you overdo it or take up a physical activity after being inactive for a while. Certain sports, like running and jogging, are especially taxing on your knees.
    • Working at certain jobs. Your job may be hard on your body, including your knees. Knees often develop problems if you tend to carry heavy objects for long distances. If you have to bend your knees to squat or kneel constantly while you work, you can end up with knee problems and injuries. Scrubbing floors and gardening can cause a knee injury.
    • Other factors. Wearing improper shoes for your activities, whether it’s playing a sport, walking for exercise, or doing chores around the house, increases your chances of suffering a knee injury. Previous injuries increase your risks as well.

    Injuries that Cause a Swollen Knee

    A swollen knee is often the first sign of an injury. The knee injury doctors at the NJ center for pain management will thoroughly examine your knees during your consultation. This exam helps our specialist determine why you need treatment for a swollen knee.

    Injuries that end up causing swelling in your knees include:

    • Fracture. A bone fracture can occur as a result of a fall, a car accident, or a direct hit while playing sports. Osteoporosis weakens your bones to the point that they can fracture.
    • Sprained knee. You may sprain your knee as a result of engaging in too much physical activity for which you have not adequately prepared.
    • Meniscal injuries. If you twist your knee suddenly, the meniscus, the cartilage that circles your knee joint, may tear.
    • Patellofemoral pain syndrome. This pain is due to damage to the kneecap and the surrounding cartilage.
    • Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). An ACL injury can occur when you suddenly twist or change directions. Playing soccer puts you at risk.
    • Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). A PCL injury occurs as a result of a direct hit, such as when you are tackled in football.
    • Medial cruciate ligament (MCL). When you are hit directly on the outside of your knee, the blow can cause MCL damage.
    • Patellar tendonitis. This condition develops when your knee tendons get irritated and inflamed. It’s prevalent in athletes who run, jump, ski, or cycle.
    • Knee bursitis. The fluid-filled bursa keeps your knee joint operating smoothly. If they’re damaged, it causes friction between the bones and surrounding tissues.
    • Loose bodies. Pieces of bone cartilage that have broken off due to an injury or accident cause problems in your knee joint.
    • Osgood-Schlatter disease. This disease affects preteen and teenage boys. It causes the patellar tendon to become inflamed. The tendon may tear away from the thigh bone in severe cases.
    • Dislocated kneecap. If your kneecap shifts out of place, it creates a painful condition.
    • Iliotibial band syndrome. When the band becomes so tight that it irritates the thigh bone, it causes sharp, burning pain.
    • Plica syndrome. The bands of synovial tissues can become irritated due to overuse or injury, causing pain.

    Diagnosis for Knee Injuries

    Since your symptoms could result from a variety of factors, your doctor will start with a medical history. You may be asked a series of questions about how the injury occurred, what symptoms you have and when they started, and what activities make you feel worse.

    Your doctor may also ask you to stand and walk to analyze your gait pattern, as well as bend and straighten your leg to check the range of motion in the affected knee. Following a review of your medical history, your doctor will perform a physical exam to better determine the type of injury you have.

    Some imaging tests, including X-rays, MRIs, and CT scans, may be ordered by your doctor to assess the ligaments and cartilage within the affected knee and ensure there are no broken bones.

    Treatment for Knee Injuries

    Treating your injured knee with the R.I.C.E. method seems to be the go-to protocol when it comes to what you should do just after sustaining an injury. The R.I.C.E. method entails:

    • Rest. Rest the affected knee and avoid weight-bearing activities;
    • Ice. Ice the area of injury 20 minutes at a time every 4 hours. Avoid applying ice directly to the skin;
    • Compression. Wrap the area using an elastic medical bandage to control swelling;
    • Elevation. Keep your injured knee raised slightly above the level of your heart when resting.

    Consult a specialist right away if you have any of the following symptoms:

    • An initial popping sensation at the time of injury and a sensation of your knee giving out;
    • Extreme pain;
    • An inability to move an injured knee;
    • Changes in your gait, such as limping;
    • Swelling at the site of the injury.

    Your New Jersey pain relief specialist can make several treatment recommendations based on your diagnosis.

    Nonsurgical Treatment

    Most knee injuries are treatable with basic measures, including:

    • Immobilization. A brace may be recommended by your doctor to minimize any movements that may exacerbate your injury. A cast may be used to keep the leg still while it heals from a fracture. Crutches may be prescribed to provide walking assistance and preserve the injured knee from excessive weight-bearing.
    • Physical therapy. Specific exercises will strengthen the leg muscles that support your knee, improving your leg’s function.
    • Anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs). Pain and swelling can be relieved with anti-inflammatory medications like Ibuprofen and naproxen.

    Surgical Treatment

    Many fractures and injuries around the knee necessitate surgery in order to fully recover limb function.
    For some injuries, such as extensive ACL tears, surgery can be done arthroscopically with small incisions and miniature tools.
    Fractures, on the other hand, usually warrant open surgery with a bigger incision that allows your doctor a better view of the affected structures and easier access.

    Your knee injury doctor recommends taking painkillers like ibuprofen or prescription medicine for severe pain. Physical therapy strengthens your muscles and increases the mobility of your knee joints. Our specialists may recommend surgery such as a total joint replacement for severe fractures and ligament damage, but surgery is always the last resort. Contact your best injury doctor at Redefine Healthcare for a consultation.

    Dr. Freeman and his staff have been a quality Healthcare provider service. They’re care has restored a significant amount of comfort and quality of life.


    Page Updated on Oct 13, 2022 by Dr. Freeman (Pain Management Specialist) of Redefine Healthcare Dr. Eric D. Freeman

    Dr. Eric D. Freeman is a top-rated, best-in-class pain management doctor. He is a nationally recognized pain relief specialist and is among the top pain care doctors in New Jersey and the country. He is an award-winning expert and contributor to prominent media outlets.

    Dr. Eric D. Freeman has been recognized for his thoughtful, thorough, modern approach to treating chronic pain. He has been named a “top pain management doctor in New Jersey” and one of “America’s Top Physicians” for advanced sports injury treatments.

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